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Willard Van Orman Quine (1908–2000) worked in theoretical philosophy and in logic. (In practical philosophy—ethics and political philosophy—his contributions are negligible.) He is perhaps best known for his arguments against Logical Empiricism (in particular, its use of the analytic-synthetic distinction). This argument, however, should be seen as part of a comprehensive world-view which makes no sharp distinction between philosophy and empirical science, and thus requires a wholesale reorientation of the subject.

     -Willard van Orman Quine First published Fri Apr 9, 2010; substantive revision Mon Dec 1, 2014

Contemporary Issues under Discussion:

Premise: Newton's 3rd Law of Motion may be applied internally with all living creatures (Thermodynamics 1st. Law).

In this exercise, we investigate the theory as applied to homo sapiens. There appears to be no empirical method of accurately determining if the theory can be proven at this stage, or possibly ever, (objectively quantifying emotion) although Nature is abundant with examples supporting it. Human beings are objects in constant motion, even when sleeping.

Newton’s law has been proven empirically regarding motion occurring externally from human action (e.g. energy on hand from pushing a ball) but it has not been progressed to motion occurring internally from human action (e.g. energy of grief from acceptance of a child’s death).

If the probability can be accepted, it offers people in adversity, a path to proceed with greater clarity: the probability of positive potential energy waiting to be expended beyond that being expended naturally.

Is data available to contradict the application of the law to humans’ cerebral-emotive motion? No, because emotion cannot be accurately and objectively quantified in humans, so there may never be any universal agreement. Using the above example, a child dies from cancer = negative emotional force. A potential positive force can be observed with the application of life-long energy in some cases, where a parent devotes theirself to an activity to save other children from cancer. So why don’t all parents, whose child dies similarly, display positive forms of energy, particularly when some just appear to spend enormous time in ongoing grief? Where is that positive energy?

The energy being expended due to such grief is so intense, it consumes the vast majority of one's awareness for a time.

 All actions experienced by human beings have internal forces, both positive and negative. The nature of how those forces are applied is both elective and non-elective by degree. It is the elective component with which we wish to address for this exercise.

The more a person /applies/ builds upon/ the positive force, the more the negative force is expended. Allowing the positive force to prevail is always an option, similarly with a negative force. Again, it is always a matter of degree. 

When a positive event is experienced, one can actively utilise it, gradually expunging the negative force. When a negative event is experienced, one can actively utilise it, gradually expunging the positive force. It is a matter of choice, of focus, but be aware as a force cannot always be immediately identified, be it positive or negative, regardless the strength of the opposing force. At times one must search hard for the positive options to overcome negative effects. 

A positive energy, in such cases, is potential energy and remains as such for an indefinite time, until it begins to be expended. Some is expended naturally, (the body seeking homeostasis: the end of the sadness). Nature does that for us. It’s a combination of cerebral energy and emotive energy, activating at different levels, at different times. 

We can create a conscious cerebral energy force to accelerate overcoming sadness. The awareness of the existence of such counter-balance can offer hope, inspiration and too, the birth of creativity.

-Kiram Rend